Hepatitis A Vaccination:
Hepatitis A is a critical disease caused by HAV (Hepatitis A Virus) which affects the liver at large. This virus is found in the stool of the people with hepatitis A.
Hepatitis A vaccine is inactivated and is known as Havrix or VAQTA. It is manufactured from the smaller pieces of a complete Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). After the Hepatitis A vaccination, the body becomes immune to the HAV virus and learns how to counter attack the virus once you get infected or exposed to it. It basically infers that you will not get sick with the hepatitis A because of the immunity.
Hepatitis A vaccination is given 2 times as an injection in the arm. Children should be administered with a booster Hepatitis A - vaccination in 6 to 12 months. However, you may get infected with HAV virus even after complete vaccination since no vaccine is accurately effective. Protective efficacy of the Hepatitis A - vaccination is about 2-4 weeks after getting the first dose. For adults, a three dose Hepatitis A - vaccine of Twinrix is available which gives a protection from both hepatitis A and B collectively.
Who should get hepatitis A vaccine?
1. All children between 12 months to 23 months of age
2. Anyone over 1 year of age who work or travel in areas with high or intermediate existence of hepatitis A. such as Central or South America, Asia (except Japan), Middle East, Mexico, Mediterranean, Africa, Eastern Europe, and a few parts of Caribbean.
3. Men who have sex with men
4. People who use inject-able or street drugs
5. Patients of chronic liver disease
6. People who are treated with clotting factor concentrates
7. Employees of child day care centers
8. People working with HAV, hepatitis A virus – infected samples or in research laboratories
9. Military personnel
10. Members of a house planning for adoption
When should the hepatitis A vaccine be administered?
1. For children, the initial dose should be after 1 year and before 2 years. For others who are in high-risk category, hepatitis A vaccine can be commenced at any time or when he/she is at the immediate risk of infection.
2. For travelers, the Hepatitis A vaccination process should be initiated at least a month prior to the departure.
Who should not receive this Hepatitis A - Vaccine?
1. People who have already suffered from hepatitis A should not take this vaccine. After recovery from the hepatitis A disease, a person gets immune for the lifetime from hepatitis A virus.
2. Children less than 1 year of age
3. Pregnant mothers
4. People allergic to the components of the vaccine
5. Patients having fever or sickness should wait till complete recovery before getting this Hepatitis A vaccination.
Side Effects and Risks associated with Hepatitis A - vaccination
Side-effects of the hepatitis A vaccine are very seldom in most of the cases and are normally absent. These side effects include fever, fatigue, nausea, and headache, loss of appetite, muscle pain or swelling at the injection spot. In rare cases, severe side effects happen due to the allergic reactions to a part of the hepatitis A vaccine.
Alternative names of the Hepatitis A - vaccine
Vaccine – hepatitis A, Immunization – hepatitis A, Havrix, VAQTA
For Hepatitis A Vaccination, Hyderabad - India Please Contact : +91-9347480077,+91-8008935935
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