Typhoid Vaccination:What is Typhoid?
Typhoid fever is a staid bacterial illness which is caused by a bacterium called Salmonella typhi, affects individuals of all ages i.e. infants, children, adolescents, or adults. This endemic disease encounters many issues like high fever accomplished by weakness, stomach pain, nausea, muscle pain and loss of appetite, headache and rashes on skin.
This severe health disorder arises when the typhi bacteria when gets deposited in water (especially in stagnate water) or food by human carrier and then spreads to other people in the surrounding area
How do people get typhoid fever?
This highly contagious and potentially lethal disease is mainly contracted by having the contaminated food or water or through direct contact with the person who is infected by it.
Majority of people in developing countries pick up this disease by travelers who spreads to other individuals through fecal-oral route that is, if you use a toilet which hasn’t washed carefully by a typhoid infected person, then you will be the victim of this disease.
Symptoms and Complications of Typhoid
You can find few symptoms which are listed below in a Typhoid infected person only after 1 to 3 weeks. They are
1st week of illness
• Fever as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit
• Weakness and fatigue
• Dry cough
• Loss of appetite
• Abdominal pain
• Diarrhea or constipation
• Rashes on skin
2nd week of illness
• Continuing high fever
• severe constipation
• weight loss
• temporary pink spots on the chest and abdomen
3rd week of illness
• Become hectic
• Lie motionless and exhausted
• Life-threatening complications often develop at this time.
Now the next simple question that arises in your mind is how to Diagnose Typhoid fever? After the bacteria enters bloodstream temporarily, they are been then carried by WBC (white blood cells in to liver, spleen and then to bone marrow and intestinal tract by multiplying in number. As a result an individual gets infected by the bacterium totally
So receiving a typhoid vaccination well in advance under the supervision of doctor can prevent typhoid infection.
MM international health clinics Pvt.Ltd Typhoid vaccination advice:
It is suggested to give a single dose of typhoid vaccination injection after 2 year of age and then in every 3 years as a booster. Moreover a child over 6 years is advised to have oral capsule of it alternatively for every 3 doses.
“You Are What you take” so get possible protection from typhoid fever just by taking the vaccine dosing schedule a week before you travel to other areas.
Who should not get the typhoid vaccine?
• Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant
• Who have life-threatening allergic reaction to the vaccine?
• Those who suffers from severe cold, flu or infection of the sinuses or lungs
• People with weakened immune system like HIV/AIDS, cancer or more are even suggested not to take this vaccine.
Typhoid Risk Countries
This health disorder is uncommon in UK and other European countries but is common in African continent, Central America, Asia, South America the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent regions. According to “WHO”, it is said that about 21 million people suffer from typhoid fever every year.
However, more than 10 percent of these cases are found in infants of less than a year and the school going children and adolescents are most likely to be affected by this disease
What are the types of typhoid vaccine?
There are two different types of typhoid vaccines namely Vi antigen and Oral ty21a vaccine. Vi vaccine is an inactivated vaccine which is given as an injection while the Oral ty21a vaccine is an oral live vaccine.
How are the typhoid vaccines available?
1. Vi (Typhoid CONJUGATE Vaccination) Antigen Vaccine: Single dose ready to use vaccine vials containing 0.5 ml of vaccine.
2. Multi-dose bulbs containing 4-10 doses (2-5 ml), depending on brand.
3. Some brands are available as 0.5 ml containing mono-dose prefilled.
5. ty21a oral vaccine: It comes in a set of 3 capsules.
How is the typhoid vaccines administered?
Vi (Typhoid CONJUGATE Vaccination) antigen vaccine: It is given as an injection as a single dose of 0.5 ml intramuscularly on arms or thigh.
Oral ty21a vaccine: It is a set of 3 capsules which should be taken on alternate days. The capsules are not meant to be chewed or opened. They should be swallowed completely. In some cases, there can be a set of 4 capsules meant to be consumed on alternate days. The liquid form of this vaccine is available in sachet form. Considering its effectiveness, the liquid form is also preferred in some cases. However, the liquid form of the typhoid vaccination is yet to be introduced in Indian market.
When should the typhoid vaccine be administered?
It is advisable to get the children gets vaccinated at early ages itself to avoid the complications at later stages. Vi antigen vaccine: It is recommended for children above 2 years of age. Oral ty21a vaccine: It is recommended for children of 4-6 years.
What are the side effects of the typhoid vaccines?
Vi antigen vaccine: Side effects are very mild and are experienced in less than 10 percent of the cases. Basic side effects of the typhoid vaccine will create pain, swelling, redness, tenderness which do not persist more than a day and are easily countered with a paracetamol tablet. Rarely do we witness the systemic side effects of fever which again do not last more than a day and are easily controlled by a paracetamol.
Oral ty21a vaccine: A few side-effects are mild GI discomfort like pain in abdomen, vomiting, diarrhea & mild fever. These side effects are mild, very rare and can be controlled easily.
What are the contraindications for typhoid vaccine?
Since oral ty21a is a live typhoid vaccine it should not be given to the individuals with a weakened immune system. Children who shows a severe reaction, such as allergic reaction, to the first dose should not receive any additional or booster doses. Antibiotics which act against the typhoid should not be given 5 days before, during and after typhoid vaccination, in case of oral ty21a vaccine.
Can typhoid vaccination be given along with other vaccine?
It is safe to give the typhoid vaccine along with other vaccine using separate syringe and separate site.
For Typhoid Vaccination, Hyderabad - India Please Contact: +91-9347480077, +91-8008935935
For info on Adult vaccination, visit: